GSA Schedule FAQ

What is a GSA Schedule | How to Get a GSA Number

Beginner's Guide to GSA Schedules

What is GSA?

GSA stands for the General Services Administration which is a centralized authority for the acquisition and management of federal government resources. While GSA manages historical properties, government-owned and leased buildings, and fleets of government vehicles, it is most widely known for its development of the Multiple Award Schedules (MAS) Program. The purpose of the Schedules Program is to leverage the buying power of the federal government in order to negotiate streamlined contracts with commercial businesses.

What is a GSA Schedule Contract?

GSA Schedule Contracts, also known as Federal Supply Schedules, are indefinite delivery, indefinite quantity (IDIQ), long-term contracts under the General Services Administration's Multiple Award Schedule (MAS) Program. GSA Schedule Contracts were developed to assist federal employees in purchasing products and services, and contain pre-negotiated prices, delivery terms, warranties, and other terms and conditions.

How do I Get a GSA Schedule Number/GSA Schedule Certified?

Contractors who successfully receive a GSA Schedule Contract Award after going through a lengthy proposal process are assigned a GSA Contract Number. For more details see, Getting on the GSA Schedule.

How do GSA Schedules Simplify Procurement?

Acquisitions through GSA Schedules are issued using full and open competition. Prices have already been deemed fair and reasonable, and Contracts are in compliance with all applicable laws and regulations, reducing evaluation cycles. Purchases can be made directly from a contractor's GSA Schedule Contract, eliminating time-consuming responses to complex RFP’s and lengthy negotiations.
  • Blanket Purchase Agreements (BPAs) between agencies and contractors under the GSA Schedule are established to meet recurring product/service needs. BPA's reduce administrative costs by eliminating repetitive ordering procedures.
  • Contractor Team Arrangements (CTAs) are agreements between two or more GSA Schedule Contract holders to work together in order to provide a complete solution to an agency's need.
  • GSA Advantage!,is an online shopping mall for federal government agencies to view, compare, and directly purchase products and services available through GSA Schedule Contracts.

Who is Eligible to Purchase from the GSA Schedule?

A GSA Schedule Contract can be used to solicit hundreds of federal customers, including:
  • Federal and Executive Agencies
  • Department of Defense (DOD)
  • Government of the District of Columbia
  • Government Contractors Authorized to Spend Federal Dollars
  • Certain Institutions and International Organizations

What Can Be Offered on the GSA Schedule?

GSA awards Schedule Contracts to responsible companies that offer Commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) products and services falling within the descriptions of the Schedules. Combined, the GSA Schedules are a comprehensive, categorical offering of almost every product and service available. To date, there are over 11 million commercial products and services available through the GSA Schedules.

There are, however a few products and services that are restricted from the Schedules Program. Currently firearms and ammunition, as well as construction and architectural services are not allowed on the GSA Schedule. While it is unlikely that firearms and ammunition will ever be permitted on the GSA Schedule, there has been recent talk of adding construction services to the program. In the meantime, there are some aspects of construction and architectural services that may fall under the scope of Schedule 871, Professional Engineering Services.

Does My Company Need a GSA Schedule Contract to Sell to the Government?

There is no law that requires a contractor to hold a GSA Schedule in order to conduct business with the federal government. However, many agencies will only place orders through GSA Schedule Contracts. As a result, companies that conduct significant business with the federal government ultimately find it necessary to obtain a Schedule Contract.

Is My Company Eligible to Obtain a GSA Schedule Contract Award?

The qualifications needed to obtain a GSA Schedule Contract vary slightly from Schedule to Schedule. However, for the most part a company must meet the following criteria:
  • Financial Stability
  • At Least 2 Years in Business
  • Past Performance
  • Products Commercially Available
  • Products Compliant with the Trade Agreements Act. End product must be manufactured or substantially altered within the U.S. or a "designated country" as defined by the Trade Agreements Act. Click here for a list of designated countries.

    For Agencies GSA Schedule Badge

    What a GSA Schedule Contract Means to You

    GSA Schedule Contracts are Indefinite Delivery/Indefinite Quantity (ID/IQ) Governmentwide Acquisition Contracts (GWACs) awarded by the General Services Administration. Federal agencies - and in some cases state and local agencies - are eligible to make purchases through the GSA Schedule. GSA Schedule Contracts represent over 11 million commercially available products and services. Companies that hold a GSA Schedule Contract have passed a thorough review process conducted by GSA that considers factors including: financial stability, capabilities, and past performance.

    GSA Schedule Quick Facts

    • GSA Schedule Contracts contain pre-negotiated pricing, terms, and conditions
    • Pricing has already been deemed "fair and reasonable"
    • FedBizOpps Synopsis is not required
    • Products can be purchased directly through GSA Advantage! (
    • Agencies can issue RFQ's directly to relevant GSA Schedule holders through GSA eBuy ( which eliminates the need to receive three quotes
    • Search for GSA Schedule Contracts by Contractor Name or Contract Number on GSA eLibrary (

    Please visit GSA's website for information on ordering from the GSA Schedule or contact GSA at 800-488-3111.

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